Dissemination

Introduction: shared notions

Unsustainable growth (urbanization) and shifting time horizons in delta management increase the urgency of the environmental crisis in deltas. Besides, an opportunity for a ‘reset’ arises because of the near sell-by date current infrastructure systems (mature deltas) and the vast investments planned in the coming decades (emerging deltas). It is essential to identify and understand pathways to a sustainable and inclusive delta in which transformations are likely necessary. Unfortunately, the current practice of ‘delta-management’ falls short, as it lacks integration and design. Collective inter-disciplinary knowledge production is required to develop these (transformation) pathways, and the success of collective knowledge production does require a design-based approach, in which different perspectives are recognized and joint new perspectives are developed. Therefore, we initiated an ambitious, inter-disciplinary and multi-annual project which places design and design-based research at the heart to deliver these outcomes. We propose to use the Delft Approach as a basis on which to build in the process of Redesigning Deltas, in which finding consensus (joint fact finding), making visions, and designing their material, ecological and temporal manifestation in space (design-thinking) help to explore, envision, and project new futures, to evoke and enable change.

The main goal of this project is to build the knowledge and collective commitment in the delta community* to support the shift in paradigm where water (security & safety) management is integrated into planning and design and vice versa in which the role of design and design-based research is revisited and strengthened.
The project will evoke systemic change on two levels:
1. Strategy: transformability (persistence – fragments vs. permanence – main structure)
2. Tactics: flexibility (ability to respond, contingency), continuous learning, adaptability, and innovation (ability to change) and will deliver as concrete outputs pathways to sustainable deltas (national and international context).

 

Project (1yr)

In a collaboration involving the Delta Urbanism group and various faculties of the TU Delft, the Delta program, Deltares, Resilient Delta, Erasmus University, Wageningen University and PBL, Redesigning Delta will start in the first year with four activities to identify and articulate the main gaps in knowledge. These activities are:

1. Joint fact finding
2. Design Study
3. Academic Synthesis
4. Cross-boundaries Exchange

These four activities feed each other iteratively and will result in defining the contours of an ambitious 5-year scientific program involving education and research aimed at implementation.

 

Joint Fact finding

Goal: creating a shared scope (perceptions, actions) among the delta community* on dealing with extreme climate scenarios (e.g. 2-3 meter sea level rise, change trends of extreme events, droughts, salinisation), climate adaptation, subsidence, sustainability transitions, housing shortage, agricultural transformation and boundary conditions of the context (what social/economic/ climate scenario?) for current and desired society.
Product: report describing shared scope and state-of-the-art knowledge.
Methods: identification of integrated backbones and fact finding by interview of experts and decision makers, data hackathons and various events.

 

Design Study

Goal: discovering and investigating new approaches through back- and forecasting of extreme scenarios by multidisciplinary teams.
Product: spatial visions for several areas of the Dutch delta.
Methods: collaboration between Spatial Design (problem seeking, envisioning different spatial interventions (transformative change) for a complex & wicked challenge) and Design in Engineering (problem solving, finding the best solution for a clear and tame problem)

 

Academic Synthesis

Goal: technical innovation may not be understood as the literal improvement of one technical system but of the improvement of the cooperation between multiple technical systems. This involves a set of methods and approaches that need to be inventorized and improved.
Product: contours of the programme, listing the current available (methodology) knowledge, enhancing the knowledge transfer and uptake, and where necessary knowledge development and setting of new paradigms.
Method: creating a library of state-of-the-art ‘methodologies-instruments’ and seeks for white spots, leading to the following question: are these instruments fit for purpose?

 

 

Core Team

– Chris Zevenbergen (Delta Urbanism) – Lead
– Fransje Hooimeijer (Delta Urbanism/DIMI)
– Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin (Delta Urbanism)
– Ellen Tromp (Deltares)
– Nikki Brand (Strategy Development)
– Geneviève Girard (Strategy Development)

 

Team of Professionals

– Jos Timmermans (TPM/DIMI)
– Hans De Boer (DIMI/Strategy Development)
– Roelof Moll (CEG/Hydraulic Engineering)
– Like Bijlsma (PBL)
– Remon Pot (Deltares)
– Gerardo van Halsemna (WUR)
– Joep Storms (TU Delft)

 

Team of Experts

– Chris Zevenbergen | TU Delft – Lead
– Bas Jonkman | TU Delft
– Marcel Hertogh | TU Delft
– Neelke Doorn | TU Delft
– Thijs Asselbergs | TU Delft
– Eric Luiten | TU Delft
– Geert Teisman | Erasmus University
– Frank van Oort | Erasmus University
– Bart Van den Hurk | Deltares
– Petra Hellegers | WUR

De Staart, West 8: IABR–Atelier Dordrecht

De Staart, West 8: IABR–Atelier Dordrecht

The case of De Staart in Dordrecht is used withing RDD as example how – through – design floodrisk management and urban development can be brought together.   De Staart is located outside the dikes but due to its industrial function it was raised relatively high. It is besides an industrial area also residential, which is partly on a former poison belt. This creates an ambivalent living environment. On the one hand, it is a district with lots of nature and beautiful areas close by: the Biesbosch and the historic city center. On the other hand, there is the proximity of the industrial area, including a waste incineration (which supplies heat), a WWTP, a chemical factory and a penitentiary. After… Read More
Spatial Framework as a Basis

Spatial Framework as a Basis

Adriaan Geuze as studio master and the team of West 8 made the spatial framework for De Staart as a basis for possible future developments. The Framework contains substantive principles, whereby the landscape quality of the area determines the structure. Use was made of the unique position between the Wantij and the Beneden Merwede, and of the transition from urban area to the ecological main structure in the Biesbosch area.   Within the spatial framework, an urban exploration was made with which the requested program was examined in mass volume. A total of 1.3 million m² of gross floor area of buildings is needed for 7,000 extra homes, where 14,000 people can find shelter. To preserve the human scale, a… Read More
Design Study Masterclasses

Design Study Masterclasses

As a part of the Design Study, ReDesigning Deltas organized four masterclasses, to give participants specialist knowledge input for their challenge. Topics included: the Dutch delta, international deltas, delta governance and delta economy. In the Dutch Delta, Deltares-specialists presented the state of the art regarding adaptation pathways, scalability, transport-corridor(s) and climate proof infrastructure, draught, subsidence, flood risk management, but also on the regional challenges of Limburg, Southwestern Delta, mouth of the Rhine-Meuse rivers and Limburg. The Dutch Delta Masterclass informed the societal challenges, that are the point of departure for sustainable spatial transformation envisioned by the design-teams in the Design Study. The societal challenges are organized in environmental (climate and biodiversity) and socio-economic drivers (housing, energy transition and new economy),… Read More
Sandpit Design Study

Sandpit Design Study

The Sandpit is a methodology that is used to create a body of knowledge around a challenge from the participants. It is a methodology that is also used in interdisciplinary design workshops to be able to integrate and utilize knowledge of different nature because of the different disciplines. In the two-day ‘Sandpit’, the participants from engineering, urban design and landscape architecture firms are working together in defining the challenges and needs in the five geographical ‘challenges’ that represent different parts of the Dutch (delta) territory in the study. Starting in (first disciplinary) groups to discuss these challenges, the practical experience from professionals in the field is gathered and used to build a preliminary understanding of the design-challenge(s) at hand, and… Read More
Casco Concept and Dutch Layers Approach, H+N+S Landscape Architects

Casco Concept and Dutch Layers Approach, H+N+S Landscape Architects

The Synthesis line of ReDesigning Deltas is focused on integration and academic consolidation of the other lines of enquiry in the program, such as the Joint Fact Finding and the Design Study, to prepare an international, 5-year research program. To do so, the Synergy line describes the outcomes of deliverables for their scope and validity, but also analyzes and develops methods. H+N+S Landscape Architects has been commissioned to review the instruments of the Dutch Layers approach (a planning instrument) and the Casco Model (an instrumental elaboration of the Layers Approach).   Although both have become mainstream over the last decades, the question remains how they can be made instrumental for design. H+N+S analyzed the instruments (that originated from their offices)… Read More

About

Unsustainable growth (urbanization) and shifting time horizons in delta management increase the urgency of the environmental crisis in deltas. Besides, an opportunity for a ‘reset’ arises because of the near sell-by date current infrastructure systems (mature deltas) and the vast investments planned in the coming decades (emerging deltas). It is essential to identify and understand pathways to a sustainable and inclusive delta in which transformations are likely necessary. Unfortunately, the current practice of ‘delta-management’ falls short, as it lacks integration and design. Collective inter-disciplinary knowledge production is required to develop these (transformation) pathways, and the success of collective knowledge production does require a design-based approach, in which different perspectives are recognized and joint new perspectives are developed. Therefore, we initiated an ambitious, inter-disciplinary and multi-annual project which places design and design-based research at the heart to deliver these outcomes. We propose to use the Delft Approach as a basis on which to build in the process of Redesigning Deltas, in which finding consensus (joint fact finding), making visions, and designing their material, ecological and temporal manifestation in space (design-thinking) help to explore, envision, and project new futures, to evoke and enable change.

The main goal of this project is to build the knowledge and collective commitment in the delta community* to support the shift in paradigm where water (security & safety) management is integrated into planning and design and vice versa in which the role of design and design-based research is revisited and strengthened.
The project will evoke systemic change on two levels:
1. Strategy: transformability (persistence – fragments vs. permanence – main structure)
2. Tactics: flexibility (ability to respond, contingency), continuous learning, adaptability, and innovation (ability to change) and will deliver as concrete outputs pathways to sustainable deltas (national and international context).